Zac Gallen
P | Bats/Throws: R/R | 6' 2" 189LBS | Age: 28
Draft: 2016 | Rd: 3, #106, St. Louis Cardinals | North Carolina
W L ERA G GS SV IP SO WHIP
2021 4 10 4.30 23 23 0 121.1 139 1.29
2022 12 4 2.54 31 31 0 184 192 0.91
2023 17 9 3.47 34 34 0 210 220 1.12
5 Seasons 39 31 3.21 115 115 0 667.1 729 1.11
G W-L ERA IP SO WHIP
2021 23 4-10 4.30 121.1 139 1.29
2022 31 12-4 2.54 184 192 0.91
2023 34 17-9 3.47 210 220 1.12
5 Seasons 115 39-31 3.21 667.1 729 1.11
MLB Percentile Rankings
Pitch Distribution

Statcast Statistics

Season Age Pitches Batted
Balls
Barrels Barrel % Barrel/PA Exit
Velocity
Max EV Launch
Angle
Sweet
Spot %
XBA XSLG WOBA XWOBA XWOBACON HardHit% K% BB% ERA xERA
2019 23 1387 198 11 5.6 3.3 87.0 112.6 13.7 32.8 .213 .354 .287 .290 .352 35.9 28.7 10.8 2.81 3.67
2020 24 1117 181 13 7.2 4.5 87.0 109.5 12.4 33.7 .226 .369 .275 .296 .371 32.6 28.2 8.6 2.75 3.68
2021 25 2102 330 26 7.9 5.0 89.2 111.3 12.3 32.7 .230 .382 .313 .306 .373 43.0 26.6 9.4 4.30 3.95
2022 26 2935 463 36 7.8 5.0 87.8 111.3 10.8 33.0 .213 .340 .250 .278 .340 36.1 26.9 6.6 2.54 3.17
2023 27 3248 574 53 9.2 6.3 91.5 113.8 12.3 36.4 .254 .427 .289 .314 .400 46.2 26.0 5.6 3.47 4.16
Player 10789 1746 139 8.0 5.1 89.1 113.8 12.1 34.1 .231 .381 .282 .298 .371 40.3 26.9 7.5
MLB 6.9 4.7 88.4 122.4 12.2 33.1 .245 .406 .316 .315 .369 36.3 22.1 8.4
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Statcast Pitch Arsenal

Gallen relies on 6 pitches.
4-Seam Fastball
(49.3%) ,
Curveball
(22.7%) ,
Changeup
(13.9%) ,
Cutter
(10.3%) ,
Slider
(3.4%) ,
Sinker
(0.4%) ,


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Pitch Tracking



Batted Ball Profile

Season GB % FB % LD % PU % Pull % Straight % Oppo % Weak % Topped % Under % Flare/Burner % Solid % Barrel % Barrel/PA
2019 39.9 28.3 25.3 6.6 36.4 34.3 29.3 2.5 29.8 28.8 24.7 8.6 5.6 3.3
2020 47.0 21.0 24.3 7.7 45.3 31.5 23.2 3.3 31.5 26.0 29.3 1.1 7.2 4.5
2021 44.8 25.8 23.3 6.1 35.8 40.9 23.3 4.8 32.1 24.5 23.6 6.7 7.9 5.0
2022 46.7 24.2 22.2 6.9 37.4 34.3 28.3 4.1 34.8 24.6 24.0 4.8 7.8 5.0
2023 42.3 26.5 27.0 4.2 38.2 39.7 22.1 1.7 31.2 22.5 26.0 9.2 9.2 6.3
Player 44.2 25.4 24.6 5.9 38.0 37.1 24.9 3.2 32.2 24.5 25.2 6.6 8.0 5.1
MLB 44.6 23.5 24.9 7.0 37.0 37.6 25.3 3.9 32.8 24.7 24.4 5.8 6.9 4.7
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Pitch Movement


How this works: Every pitch is affected by the forces of gravity, which means that every pitch drops on its way from the mound to the plate. These numbers are reported with gravity, which makes them larger and different than other pitch movement numbers you may have seen. Since gravity requires time, and slower pitches aren’t ‘better’ just because they have more time to move, the movement of a pitch is compared to ‘average’ movement by comparing it to other MLB pitch types within +/- 2 MPH and from within +/- 0.5 feet of extension and release.
Vertical Movement (inches) Horizontal Movement (inches)
Year Pitch Team Hand # MPH Inches of Drop vs Avg % vs Avg Inches of Break vs Avg % Break vs Avg
2023 Cutter AZ R 333 90.0 25.3 0.5 2 3.5 0.9 38
2023 Changeup AZ R 453 86.8 32.1 1.8 6 12.6 -1.7 -12
2023 4-Seamer AZ R 1,601 93.6 14.4 0.8 5 2.9 -3.9 -57
2023 Slider AZ R 111 87.5 34.7 1.1 3 5.5 1.2 29
2023 Curveball AZ R 738 82.5 51.0 1.8 4 4.0 -3.8 -49
2023 Sinker AZ R 12 92.6 13.9 -8.5 -38 10.4 -4.4 -30
2022 Changeup AZ R 418 86.2 32.8 2.4 8 11.9 -2.3 -16
2022 4-Seamer AZ R 1,410 94.1 13.4 1.1 8 3.4 -3.7 -52
2022 Curveball AZ R 644 81.6 53.5 3.1 6 6.7 -1.5 -18
2022 Cutter AZ R 436 89.9 26.7 -1.2 -5 5.3 3.1 137
2022 Sinker AZ R 1 94.7 16.3 -5.0 -23 14.4 -1.0 -7
2022 Slider AZ R 26 86.7 35.6 1.5 5 7.5 3.0 65
2021 Curveball AZ R 262 79.7 55.1 2.0 4 8.3 -0.9 -10
2021 Changeup AZ R 350 86.1 33.4 3.1 10 12.7 -1.4 -10
2021 4-Seamer AZ R 1,127 93.4 14.1 0.7 5 3.4 -3.7 -52
2021 Sinker AZ R 9 93.3 13.5 -7.5 -36 9.8 -4.8 -33
2021 Cutter AZ R 177 90.3 22.9 2.0 8 3.3 1.0 43
2021 Slider AZ R 177 86.1 37.0 2.4 7 7.7 2.9 61
2020 4-Seamer AZ R 436 93.2 14.0 1.3 8 3.6 -3.6 -50
2020 Curveball AZ R 180 81.2 50.9 0.3 1 6.3 -2.3 -27
2020 Sinker AZ R 2 92.9 16.4 -5.2 -24 13.8 -0.9 -6
2020 Cutter AZ R 275 87.0 32.8 -3.9 -14 6.5 3.5 120
2020 Changeup AZ R 212 84.9 34.7 3.2 10 13.3 -0.1 -1
2020 Slider AZ R 12 87.1 35.3 1.4 4 7.1 2.9 68
2019 4-Seamer AZ R 660 92.9 14.5 1.5 9 5.4 -1.9 -26
2019 Sinker AZ R 30 92.8 20.0 -2.4 -11 13.8 -0.8 -5
2019 Cutter AZ R 214 87.0 32.9 -4.3 -15 7.1 4.9 230
2019 Changeup AZ R 221 85.0 32.8 2.1 7 11.7 -2.1 -15
2019 Curveball AZ R 262 79.2 54.4 0.1 0 9.1 -0.4 -4
! Note: Years are in reverse order.
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Run Values by Pitch Type

Year Pitch Type Team RV/100 Run Value Pitches % PA BA SLG wOBA Whiff% K% PutAway % xBA xSLG xwOBA Hard Hit %
2023 4-Seamer 1.7 27 1,601 49.3 405 .237 .358 .289 19.2 22.7 21.7 .255 .441 .326 51.4
2023 Curveball -0.1 -1 738 22.7 195 .210 .344 .268 40.6 39.5 25.1 .229 .361 .275 47.7
2023 Changeup 1.6 7 453 13.9 128 .210 .336 .267 31.4 24.2 20.5 .237 .384 .295 34.1
2023 Cutter -2.2 -7 333 10.3 87 .333 .595 .397 20.3 13.8 20.3 .315 .548 .369 35.6
2023 Slider 0.1 0 111 3.4 23 .261 .435 .298 29.2 26.1 12.8 .319 .529 .357 58.8
2023 Sinker -6.7 -1 12 0.4 6 .400 1.000 .600 0.0 0.0 0.0 .294 .586 .423 40.0
2022 4-Seamer 1.2 17 1,410 48.0 310 .165 .301 .262 19.7 28.4 20.5 .200 .356 .296 41.9
2022 Curveball 2.0 13 644 21.9 151 .174 .271 .211 33.7 37.1 19.5 .187 .243 .204 37.8
2022 Cutter 0.6 3 436 14.9 125 .239 .350 .291 15.7 14.4 15.1 .242 .348 .285 24.2
2022 Changeup 0.5 2 418 14.2 123 .202 .333 .263 25.3 23.6 19.9 .245 .403 .309 35.3
2022 Slider 0.8 0 26 0.9 4 .000 .000 .000 11.1 25.0 7.1 .296 .780 .456 33.3
2022 Sinker -71.0 -1 1 0.0 1 -- -- .700 -- 0.0 0.0 -- -- .700 --
2021 4-Seamer 1.0 11 1,127 53.6 271 .218 .368 .316 15.4 25.5 21.6 .234 .388 .316 47.4
2021 Changeup -0.4 -1 350 16.7 94 .232 .378 .327 32.0 22.3 17.2 .230 .334 .302 29.5
2021 Curveball -0.3 -1 262 12.5 63 .210 .355 .262 37.4 44.4 25.9 .205 .316 .231 50.0
2021 Slider -4.3 -8 177 8.4 53 .234 .660 .429 36.5 34.0 22.2 .196 .452 .319 34.5
2021 Cutter 0.1 0 177 8.4 38 .361 .556 .412 15.1 7.9 11.5 .280 .468 .339 45.5
2021 Sinker -16.5 -1 9 0.4 3 .500 .500 .833 0.0 0.0 0.0 .494 .564 .544 50.0
2020 4-Seamer 1.1 5 436 39.0 108 .185 .250 .272 17.0 25.9 24.6 .212 .352 .305 26.2
2020 Cutter -0.7 -2 275 24.6 67 .328 .516 .391 28.1 19.4 21.7 .312 .517 .370 27.5
2020 Changeup 0.9 2 212 19.0 71 .206 .397 .305 43.8 29.6 30.9 .216 .327 .285 47.6
2020 Curveball 3.4 6 180 16.1 42 .098 .171 .129 37.9 45.2 27.1 .143 .256 .181 36.4
2020 Slider 5.8 1 12 1.1 3 .000 .000 .233 25.0 33.3 50.0 .206 .234 .362 0.0
2020 Sinker 5.6 0 2 0.2 -- -- -- 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- --
2019 4-Seamer 1.5 10 660 47.6 150 .192 .308 .307 23.5 30.0 22.2 .213 .357 .326 40.8
2019 Curveball 0.7 2 262 18.9 61 .203 .424 .289 32.6 24.6 16.5 .185 .363 .256 27.3
2019 Changeup 2.9 6 221 15.9 57 .157 .196 .212 40.7 35.1 23.3 .190 .261 .246 29.0
2019 Cutter -0.8 -2 214 15.4 62 .300 .517 .388 27.2 22.6 19.2 .269 .436 .307 41.3
2019 Sinker -3.1 -1 30 2.2 3 .333 .333 .300 33.3 66.7 28.6 .015 .019 .014 0.0
! Note: Years are in reverse order.
! Note: To better align with other values, positive numbers (red) are good, and negative numbers (blue) are poor.
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Spin Direction

Year Pitch Type Pitches MPH Active Spin % Total Movement (In.) Spin-Based Observed Deviation
2023 Changeup 372 86.8 86 13.8 1:30 2:30 -60
2023 Cutter 325 89.9 47 8.8 12:00 11:00 60
2023 4-Seam Fastball 1,566 93.5 81 16.7 12:45 12:15 30
2023 Knuckle Curve 727 82.5 64 13.8 7:15 6:30 45
2023 Sinker 12 92.6 86 20.8 1:00 1:00 0
2023 Slider 110 87.5 31 6.6 10:15 8:45 90
2022 Changeup 369 86.2 79 12.8 1:15 2:30 -75
2022 Cutter 431 89.9 46 8.8 11:30 10:30 60
2022 4-Seam Fastball 1,386 94.1 82 17.4 12:45 12:30 15
2022 Knuckle Curve 629 81.6 71 16.3 7:15 6:45 30
2022 Slider 26 86.7 43 8.8 9:45 8:45 60
2021 Changeup 305 86.1 89 13.6 1:45 2:45 -60
2021 Cutter 177 90.3 61 10.8 12:00 11:15 45
2021 4-Seam Fastball 1,124 93.4 83 17.2 12:45 12:30 15
2021 Knuckle Curve 262 79.7 74 16.8 7:30 7:00 30
2021 Slider 177 86.1 43 8.8 9:45 8:45 60
2020 Changeup 190 84.9 92 14.1 2:00 2:45 -45
2020 Cutter 257 86.9 45 8.2 10:30 9:30 60
2020 4-Seam Fastball 423 93.2 86 17.6 12:45 12:30 15
2020 Knuckle Curve 172 81.3 66 13.5 7:45 7:00 45
2020 Slider 12 87.1 44 8.1 10:00 9:00 60
! Note: This table is showing data from the PITCHER perspective.
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Swing/Take

Runs
Year Team PA Pitches Heart Shadow Chase Waste All
2019 333 1,387 12 14 -6 -4 15
2020 291 1,117 7 13 -6 -2 12
2021 522 2,102 10 12 -15 -8 0
2022 714 2,935 31 25 -15 -7 34
2023 985 3,795 15 37 -21 -6 25
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Plate Discipline

Season Pitches Zone % Zone Swing % Zone Contact % Chase % Chase Contact % Edge % 1st Pitch Strike % Swing % Whiff % Meatball % Meatball Swing %
2019 1,387 46.3 61.1 81.6 33.6 52.0 43.3 67.4 46.3 29.3 6.2 66.3
2020 1,117 45.3 60.1 79.3 29.5 51.7 48.5 64.9 43.3 30.2 4.7 69.2
2021 2,102 47.5 64.9 84.3 25.6 56.2 43.0 61.6 44.3 23.3 5.2 78.9
2022 2,935 47.2 64.8 85.1 31.9 60.3 45.1 64.6 47.4 23.0 6.3 68.5
2023 3,248 48.8 65.2 85.0 30.0 49.7 43.8 66.1 47.2 26.3 6.1 75.4
Player 10,789 47.4 64.0 83.9 30.1 54.4 44.4 64.8 46.2 25.6 5.8 72.2
MLB 48.6 67.0 82.0 28.5 58.0 42.6 60.9 47.1 24.8 7.3 76.1
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Percentile Rankings

Year xwOBA /
xERA
xBA xSLG xISO xOBP Brl Brl% EV Hard
Hit%
K% BB% Whiff% Chase
Rate
FB
Velo
FB
Spin
CB
Spin
Extension
2019 76 81 82 76 59 69 76 86 55 81 17 75 89 44 75 33 70
2020 66 63 63 61 67 11 48 73 78 73 50 74 66 48 76 37 80
2021 56 61 59 56 54 29 48 38 18 70 34 28 24 47 72 45 80
2022 78 78 77 68 80 11 39 65 64 74 68 26 74 54 91 53 71
2023 50 34 32 37 70 2 27 3 5 71 88 52 65 40 67 48 63
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Expected Home Runs

Year Team Avg HR Trot Actual HR xHR HR-xHR Doubters Mostly Gone No Doubters No Doubter %
2019 22.9 8 8.4 0 4 8 4 50.0
2020 22.8 9 9.1 0 1 6 6 66.7
2021 23.4 19 16.8 2 4 11 8 42.1
2022 23.2 15 16.3 -1 7 15 3 20.0
2023 23.8 28 28.6 -1 17 23 11 39.3
Player 23.4 79 79.3 0 33 63 32 40.5

Expected Home Runs by Park

Year HR
2019 8 10 8 9 10 6 10 8 6 6 6 11 11 9 6 8 6 6 10 10 10 10 12 11 7 6 7 10 11 7 6
2020 9 8 10 9 9 11 11 9 8 6 7 8 10 7 9 8 10 9 9 10 10 10 12 9 9 7 9 11 10 10 9
2021 19 21 13 15 18 17 17 19 13 13 16 17 15 13 18 18 17 19 17 18 17 17 22 19 15 15 19 19 15 15 17
2022 15 16 13 13 18 17 18 16 10 13 14 19 18 15 17 19 17 17 17 18 17 18 19 20 12 15 17 18 19 17 13
2023 28 26 24 24 32 30 33 25 28 20 24 29 30 26 32 32 30 23 32 34 27 31 42 40 19 21 30 30 32 27 25
Player 79 81 68 70 87 81 89 77 65 58 67 84 84 70 82 85 80 74 85 90 81 86 107 99 62 64 82 88 87 76 70
! Note: This tells how many of this player's home runs would have been out of other stadiums. This accounts for different wall heights, distances and environmental effects. For these purposes, the 2020 Blue Jays home field was still Rogers Centre, not Sahlen Field.
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Year to Year Changes

Metric 2019 2020 +/-   2021 +/-   2022 +/-   2023 +/-  
Fastball Velocity 91.5 90.8 -0.7 93.0 2.2 93.1 0.1 92.9 -0.2
Offspeed Velocity 85.0 84.9 -0.1 86.1 1.2 86.2 0.1 86.8 0.6
Breaking Velocity 79.2 81.6 2.4 82.3 0.7 81.8 -0.5 83.1 1.3
Exit Velocity 87.0 87.0 0.0 89.2 2.2 87.8 -1.4 91.5 3.7
Launch Angle 13.7 12.4 -1.3 12.3 -0.1 10.8 -1.5 12.3 1.5
Barrel % 5.6 7.2 1.6 7.9 0.7 7.8 -0.1 9.2 1.4
Hard Hit % 35.9 32.6 -3.3 43.0 10.4 36.1 -6.9 46.2 10.1
Sweet Spot % 32.8 33.7 0.9 32.7 -1.0 33.0 0.3 36.4 3.4
xBA .213 .226 0.013 .230 0.004 .213 -0.017 .254 0.041
BA .212 .210 -0.002 .233 0.023 .186 -0.047 .238 0.052
xwOBA .290 .296 0.006 .306 0.010 .278 -0.028 .314 0.036
wOBA .287 .275 -0.012 .313 0.038 .250 -0.063 .289 0.039
xSLG .354 .369 0.015 .382 0.013 .340 -0.042 .427 0.087
SLG .355 .336 -0.019 .413 0.077 .307 -0.106 .382 0.075
K% 28.7 28.2 -0.5 26.6 -1.6 26.9 0.3 26.0 -0.9
BB% 10.8 8.6 -2.2 9.4 0.8 6.6 -2.8 5.6 -1.0
Swing % 46.3 43.3 -3.0 44.3 1.0 47.4 3.1 47.2 -0.2
Whiff% 29.3 30.2 0.9 23.3 -6.9 23.0 -0.3 26.3 3.3
In Zone % 46.3 45.3 -1.0 47.5 2.2 47.2 -0.3 48.8 1.6
Out of Zone % 53.7 54.7 1.0 52.5 -2.2 52.8 0.3 51.2 -1.6
Out of Zone Swing % 33.6 29.5 -4.1 25.6 -3.9 31.9 6.3 30.0 -1.9
First Pitch Swing % 29.3 30.2 0.9 32.5 2.3 32.6 0.1 34.2 1.6
First Pitch Strike % 67.4 64.9 -2.5 61.6 -3.3 64.6 3.0 66.1 1.5
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Statcast Fielder Positioning

vs RHHvs LHH
YearAlignment TypePAwOBAPATotal%PATotal%
2019 Shifts 333 .287 166 36 21.7 167 104 62.3
2020 Shifts 291 .275 155 62 40.0 136 96 70.6
2021 Shifts 494 .320 240 59 24.6 254 148 58.3
2022 Shifts 714 .250 376 68 18.1 338 232 68.6
2023 Shades 844 .289 434 35 8.1 410 237 57.8
! Note: Shifts are through the 2022 season, Shaded starting from the 2023 season, Shift: three or more infielders are on the same side of second base, Shade: positioned outside of their typical responsible slices of the field.
Learn more about how positioning is defined here

Pitch Tempo

Bases EmptyRunners On Base
SeasonTeamPitchesTempoFast %Slow %PitchesTempoFast %Slow %
2019 418 17.4 21.8% 2.4% 181 24.4 0.6% 20.4%
2020 383 17.9 11.5% 2.6% 116 25.8 0.0% 19.8%
2021 673 18.2 12.3% 3.0% 285 27.4 0.0% 29.8%
2022 974 16.9 27.7% 3.0% 326 26.6 0.0% 26.4%
2023 982 15.6 38.0% 0.5% 417 21.1 0.0% 1.0%
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Pitch Distribution