John Means
P | Bats/Throws: L/L | 6' 4" 230LBS | Age: 30
Draft: 2014 | Rd: 11, #331, Baltimore Orioles | West Virginia
W L ERA G GS SV IP SO WHIP
2021 6 9 3.62 26 26 0 146.2 134 1.03
2022 0 0 3.38 2 2 0 8 7 1.25
2023 1 2 2.66 4 4 0 23.2 10 0.72
6 Seasons 21 26 3.74 74 69 0 380.1 318 1.06
G W-L ERA IP SO WHIP
2021 26 6-9 3.62 146.2 134 1.03
2022 2 0-0 3.38 8 7 1.25
2023 4 1-2 2.66 23.2 10 0.72
6 Seasons 74 21-26 3.74 380.1 318 1.06
MLB Percentile Rankings
Pitch Distribution

Statcast Statistics

Season Age Pitches Batted
Balls
Barrels Barrel % Barrel/PA Exit
Velocity
Max EV Launch
Angle
Sweet
Spot %
XBA XSLG WOBA XWOBA XWOBACON HardHit% K% BB% ERA xERA
2018 25 66 12 1 8.3 6.3 90.0 110.2 16.5 41.7 .336 .564 .471 .386 .514 41.7 25.0 0.0 13.50 6.73
2019 26 2681 472 32 6.8 5.0 87.5 115.3 20.0 37.3 .236 .417 .295 .302 .344 30.7 19.0 6.0 3.60 4.00
2020 27 745 123 10 8.1 5.7 88.2 117.0 17.0 21.1 .191 .378 .304 .270 .323 37.4 23.9 4.0 4.53 3.04
2021 28 2328 426 43 10.1 7.3 87.9 115.9 20.3 37.1 .242 .441 .294 .309 .380 37.8 22.7 4.4 3.62 4.03
2022 29 135 25 1 4.0 2.9 88.5 109.7 17.2 28.0 .288 .417 .260 .322 .385 40.0 20.6 5.9 3.38 4.34
2023 30 339 73 6 8.2 6.8 86.9 109.4 24.1 35.6 .258 .475 .238 .328 .347 37.0 11.4 4.5 2.66 4.58
Player 6294 1131 93 8.2 6.0 87.8 117.0 20.0 35.2 .236 .427 .293 .304 .358 34.8 20.6 5.0
MLB 6.9 4.7 88.4 122.4 12.2 33.1 .245 .406 .316 .315 .369 36.3 22.1 8.4
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Statcast Pitch Arsenal

Means relies on 4 pitches.
Four Seamer
(41.9%) ,
Changeup
(33.3%) ,
Slider
(15.0%) ,
Curveball
(9.7%) ,


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Pitch Tracking



Batted Ball Profile

Season GB % FB % LD % PU % Pull % Straight % Oppo % Weak % Topped % Under % Flare/Burner % Solid % Barrel % Barrel/PA
2018 25.0 16.7 50.0 8.3 66.7 8.3 25.0 0.0 25.0 25.0 41.7 0.0 8.3 6.3
2019 31.6 32.0 26.5 10.0 34.7 34.1 31.1 3.6 22.2 38.1 21.8 7.2 6.8 5.0
2020 43.9 28.5 14.6 13.0 41.5 39.0 19.5 3.3 31.7 33.3 17.9 4.9 8.1 5.7
2021 33.3 30.5 23.2 12.9 38.7 40.6 20.7 4.7 23.9 31.7 20.7 8.9 10.1 7.3
2022 36.0 20.0 28.0 16.0 48.0 36.0 16.0 12.0 20.0 28.0 24.0 8.0 4.0 2.9
2023 28.8 31.5 26.0 13.7 41.1 32.9 26.0 8.2 16.4 39.7 20.5 6.8 8.2 6.8
Player 33.4 30.6 24.2 11.8 38.0 36.8 25.2 4.4 23.5 34.9 21.1 7.5 8.2 6.0
MLB 44.6 23.5 24.9 7.0 37.0 37.6 25.3 3.9 32.9 24.7 24.4 5.8 6.9 4.7
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Pitch Movement


How this works: Every pitch is affected by the forces of gravity, which means that every pitch drops on its way from the mound to the plate. These numbers are reported with gravity, which makes them larger and different than other pitch movement numbers you may have seen. Since gravity requires time, and slower pitches aren’t ‘better’ just because they have more time to move, the movement of a pitch is compared to ‘average’ movement by comparing it to other MLB pitch types within +/- 2 MPH and from within +/- 0.5 feet of extension and release.
Vertical Movement (inches) Horizontal Movement (inches)
Year Pitch Team Hand # MPH Inches of Drop vs Avg % vs Avg Inches of Break vs Avg % Break vs Avg
2023 Changeup BAL L 113 80.9 25.4 -7.4 -23 11.6 -1.3 -10
2023 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 142 91.7 12.2 3.5 22 7.5 2.1 38
2023 Slider BAL L 51 85.4 27.1 -8.9 -25 1.8 -2.9 -62
2023 Curveball BAL L 33 77.7 51.4 -5.2 -9 12.4 4.3 54
2022 Slider BAL L 17 84.1 30.7 -6.6 -18 3.9 -1.4 -27
2022 Curveball BAL L 19 76.8 54.1 -4.3 -7 15.5 7.5 95
2022 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 57 91.7 11.6 3.5 23 8.1 2.1 35
2022 Changeup BAL L 42 82.3 23.6 -7.5 -24 13.8 0.4 3
2021 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 1,116 92.8 11.9 2.6 18 6.7 0.4 6
2021 Changeup BAL L 635 83.4 22.7 -6.9 -23 12.8 -0.2 -2
2021 Curveball BAL L 382 78.0 52.3 -3.5 -6 13.1 5.8 79
2021 Slider BAL L 195 86.3 27.5 -7.0 -20 3.4 -0.8 -19
2020 Slider BAL L 77 86.5 30.0 -4.0 -12 4.2 0.5 13
2020 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 390 93.8 11.8 2.4 17 6.4 -0.1 -1
2020 Curveball BAL L 94 79.0 54.3 -0.3 -1 13.6 6.0 78
2020 Changeup BAL L 184 84.9 20.9 -7.8 -27 13.4 0.6 5
2019 Slider BAL L 380 83.6 33.4 -5.0 -13 4.6 -0.1 -2
2019 Curveball BAL L 165 77.0 51.9 -5.7 -10 3.8 -3.5 -48
2019 Changeup BAL L 773 80.9 24.6 -6.5 -21 12.3 -0.2 -2
2019 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 1,362 91.7 13.3 2.8 18 5.9 -0.4 -6
2018 4-Seam Fastball BAL L 25 90.1 16.2 1.2 7 3.8 -1.3 -25
2018 Changeup BAL L 13 83.4 22.2 -9.6 -30 11.0 -1.8 -14
2018 Curveball BAL L 5 77.0 50.3 -9.7 -16 0.0 -7.9 -99
2018 Slider BAL L 23 84.2 34.5 -3.8 -10 3.4 -1.3 -28
! Note: Years are in reverse order.
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Run Values by Pitch Type

Year Pitch Type Team RV/100 Run Value Pitches % PA BA SLG wOBA Whiff% K% PutAway % xBA xSLG xwOBA Hard Hit %
2023 4-Seam Fastball -0.1 0 142 41.9 36 .188 .406 .297 14.1 13.9 11.1 .222 .466 .332 44.4
2023 Changeup 3.5 4 113 33.3 38 .139 .306 .195 22.1 13.2 13.5 .262 .495 .320 28.1
2023 Slider 2.0 1 51 15.0 7 .000 .000 .000 9.1 0.0 0.0 .222 .288 .224 28.6
2023 Curveball -4.9 -2 33 9.7 7 .286 .714 .414 7.1 0.0 0.0 .430 .604 .445 57.1
2022 4-Seam Fastball 0.0 0 57 42.2 13 .250 .250 .262 3.6 15.4 18.2 .257 .310 .283 40.0
2022 Changeup 2.1 1 42 31.1 13 .308 .308 .300 35.7 38.5 31.3 .293 .378 .296 50.0
2022 Curveball 2.3 0 19 14.1 2 .000 .000 .000 42.9 0.0 0.0 .148 .172 .141 50.0
2022 Slider 0.7 0 17 12.6 6 .250 .500 .325 10.0 0.0 0.0 .439 .980 .522 20.0
2021 4-Seam Fastball -0.1 -2 1,116 47.9 238 .233 .507 .346 21.1 20.6 14.6 .265 .564 .372 51.2
2021 Changeup 0.3 2 635 27.3 216 .227 .440 .297 30.0 21.8 22.1 .224 .398 .279 28.6
2021 Curveball 1.4 5 382 16.4 80 .165 .241 .211 24.5 35.0 20.4 .197 .270 .226 25.5
2021 Slider 0.9 2 195 8.4 56 .269 .327 .326 31.7 17.9 19.6 .283 .354 .308 33.3
2020 4-Seam Fastball 0.8 3 390 52.3 77 .155 .366 .258 28.9 36.4 19.4 .128 .266 .206 44.2
2020 Changeup -1.6 -3 184 24.7 56 .275 .510 .354 23.4 7.1 6.7 .263 .523 .358 35.4
2020 Curveball 0.4 0 94 12.6 16 .188 .188 .225 27.8 37.5 13.6 .173 .185 .163 30.0
2020 Slider -0.3 0 77 10.3 27 .308 .731 .441 20.9 14.8 17.4 .229 .516 .324 31.8
2019 4-Seam Fastball 0.4 5 1,362 50.8 254 .270 .446 .334 18.0 19.7 12.9 .258 .480 .336 40.2
2019 Changeup 0.8 6 773 28.8 265 .207 .390 .300 24.8 17.0 15.9 .220 .374 .282 23.6
2019 Slider 1.1 4 380 14.2 94 .149 .241 .216 28.2 23.4 12.2 .194 .284 .241 21.5
2019 Curveball -4.7 -8 165 6.2 24 .458 1.042 .625 26.7 16.7 15.4 .339 .718 .427 45.0
2018 4-Seam Fastball -17.3 -4 25 37.9 5 .800 1.800 1.080 14.3 0.0 0.0 .722 1.397 .898 80.0
2018 Slider 1.3 0 23 34.8 7 .143 .143 .129 28.6 42.9 33.3 .167 .192 .159 0.0
2018 Changeup 2.3 0 13 19.7 4 .250 .500 .313 28.6 25.0 50.0 .151 .173 .142 33.3
2018 Curveball 0.5 0 5 7.6 -- -- -- 0.0 -- 0.0 -- -- -- --
! Note: Years are in reverse order.
! Note: To better align with other values, positive numbers (red) are good, and negative numbers (blue) are poor.
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Spin Direction

Year Pitch Type Pitches MPH Active Spin % Total Movement (In.) Spin-Based Observed Deviation
2023 Changeup 113 80.9 94 19.6 10:15 10:45 -30
2023 Curveball 33 77.7 57 15.7 4:45 4:00 45
2023 4-Seam Fastball 142 91.7 97 21.5 11:15 11:15 0
2023 Slider 51 85.4 57 9.7 11:45 12:30 -45
2022 Changeup 42 82.3 94 21.5 10:15 10:30 -15
2022 Curveball 19 76.8 64 19.3 4:45 4:00 45
2022 4-Seam Fastball 57 91.7 98 22.4 11:00 11:15 -15
2022 Slider 17 84.1 51 7.9 12:00 1:00 -60
2021 Changeup 635 83.4 98 20.9 10:30 10:45 -15
2021 Curveball 372 78.1 56 16.8 4:45 4:15 30
2021 4-Seam Fastball 1,112 92.8 97 20.7 11:15 11:15 0
2021 Slider 188 86.4 53 8.9 12:00 1:00 -60
2020 Changeup 174 84.9 99 21.4 10:30 10:45 -15
2020 Curveball 82 79.1 69 19.0 5:00 4:30 30
2020 4-Seam Fastball 349 93.9 95 19.9 11:15 11:15 0
2020 Slider 68 86.5 35 6.8 12:15 1:30 -75
! Note: This table is showing data from the PITCHER perspective.
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Swing/Take

Runs
Year Team PA Pitches Heart Shadow Chase Waste All
2019 637 2,680 12 26 -18 -12 8
2020 176 745 -2 9 -4 -2 1
2021 590 2,328 13 13 -13 -6 7
2022 34 135 1 1 -1 0 1
2023 88 339 2 4 -3 -1 3
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Plate Discipline

Season Pitches Zone % Zone Swing % Zone Contact % Chase % Chase Contact % Edge % 1st Pitch Strike % Swing % Whiff % Meatball % Meatball Swing %
2018 66 43.9 86.2 80.0 29.7 72.7 31.8 50.0 54.5 22.2 15.2 100.0
2019 2,681 45.9 71.8 81.0 27.9 69.6 43.8 63.3 48.0 22.1 6.2 80.7
2020 745 50.5 71.0 76.8 29.8 66.4 44.0 63.6 50.6 26.3 6.7 80.0
2021 2,328 51.2 73.0 76.3 26.9 67.9 45.0 69.3 50.5 25.3 8.5 80.4
2022 135 49.6 76.1 82.4 32.4 72.7 48.1 52.9 54.1 20.5 7.4 90.0
2023 339 52.8 69.8 84.0 32.5 82.7 45.7 67.0 52.2 16.4 9.7 69.7
Player 6,294 48.8 72.3 78.8 28.1 69.5 44.4 65.5 49.7 23.5 7.4 80.3
MLB 48.6 67.0 82.0 28.5 58.0 42.6 60.9 47.1 24.8 7.3 76.1
! Note: All figures in this table cover the period 2015-present.

Percentile Rankings

Year xwOBA /
xERA
xBA xSLG xISO xOBP Brl Brl% EV Hard
Hit%
K% BB% Whiff% Chase
Rate
FB
Velo
FB
Spin
CB
Spin
Extension
2019 64 57 47 39 80 17 53 77 89 22 80 23 36 27 77 15 26
2020 85 88 59 30 97 23 35 52 48 53 95 47 69 59 90 26 30
2021 54 46 26 17 83 5 13 71 58 44 96 43 38 36 87 23 36
2022 18 86 26
2023 16 87 36
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Expected Home Runs

Year Team Avg HR Trot Actual HR xHR HR-xHR Doubters Mostly Gone No Doubters No Doubter %
2018 23.2 1 1.0 0 0 0 1 100.0
2019 22.6 23 22.5 1 12 8 15 65.2
2020 23.0 12 9.0 3 4 9 2 16.7
2021 23.3 30 25.1 5 9 22 9 30.0
2022 -- 0 0.6 -1 0 1 0 --
2023 23.3 4 3.9 0 2 3 2 50.0
Player 23.0 70 62.1 8 27 43 29 41.4

Expected Home Runs by Park

Year HR
2018 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 23 23 22 25 23 22 24 21 20 18 20 25 26 22 21 23 19 20 21 24 23 25 26 24 21 20 20 28 26 23 20
2020 12 11 9 8 9 10 11 8 5 6 8 10 10 8 9 8 10 8 10 11 9 12 12 9 7 6 10 10 10 9 6
2021 30 28 23 20 26 24 31 27 16 15 21 32 24 22 27 27 22 23 25 30 26 23 33 30 19 20 31 31 27 25 26
2022 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
2023 4 5 2 4 3 3 5 3 3 2 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 3 5 4 4 6 5 5 3 4 3 3 5 3 2
Player 70 68 58 58 62 61 73 60 45 42 54 72 67 58 63 64 58 56 62 70 64 68 78 70 52 52 65 74 70 62 56
! Note: This tells how many of this player's home runs would have been out of other stadiums. This accounts for different wall heights, distances and environmental effects. For these purposes, the 2020 Blue Jays home field was still Rogers Centre, not Sahlen Field.
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Year to Year Changes

Metric 2018 2019 +/-   2020 +/-   2021 +/-   2022 +/-   2023 +/-  
Fastball Velocity 90.1 91.7 1.6 93.8 2.1 92.8 -1.0 91.7 -1.1 91.7 0.0
Offspeed Velocity 83.4 80.9 -2.5 84.9 4.0 83.4 -1.5 82.3 -1.1 80.9 -1.4
Breaking Velocity 82.9 81.6 -1.3 82.4 0.8 80.8 -1.6 80.3 -0.5 82.4 2.1
Exit Velocity 90.0 87.5 -2.5 88.2 0.7 87.9 -0.3 88.5 0.6 86.9 -1.6
Launch Angle 16.5 20.0 3.5 17.0 -3.0 20.3 3.3 17.2 -3.1 24.1 6.9
Barrel % 8.3 6.8 -1.5 8.1 1.3 10.1 2.0 4.0 -6.1 8.2 4.2
Hard Hit % 41.7 30.7 -11.0 37.4 6.7 37.8 0.4 40.0 2.2 37.0 -3.0
Sweet Spot % 41.7 37.3 -4.4 21.1 -16.2 37.1 16.0 28.0 -9.1 35.6 7.6
xBA .336 .236 -0.100 .191 -0.045 .242 0.051 .288 0.046 .258 -0.030
BA .375 .234 -0.141 .220 -0.014 .224 0.004 .258 0.034 .159 -0.099
xwOBA .386 .302 -0.084 .270 -0.032 .309 0.039 .322 0.013 .328 0.006
wOBA .471 .295 -0.176 .304 0.009 .294 -0.010 .260 -0.034 .238 -0.022
xSLG .564 .417 -0.147 .378 -0.039 .441 0.063 .417 -0.024 .475 0.058
SLG .750 .417 -0.333 .451 0.034 .427 -0.024 .290 -0.137 .354 0.064
K% 25.0 19.0 -6.0 23.9 4.9 22.7 -1.2 20.6 -2.1 11.4 -9.2
BB% 0.0 6.0 6.0 4.0 -2.0 4.4 0.4 5.9 1.5 4.5 -1.4
Swing % 54.5 48.0 -6.5 50.6 2.6 50.5 -0.1 54.1 3.6 52.2 -1.9
Whiff% 22.2 22.1 -0.1 26.3 4.2 25.3 -1.0 20.5 -4.8 16.4 -4.1
In Zone % 43.9 45.9 2.0 50.5 4.6 51.2 0.7 49.6 -1.6 52.8 3.2
Out of Zone % 56.1 54.1 -2.0 49.5 -4.6 48.8 -0.7 50.4 1.6 47.2 -3.2
Out of Zone Swing % 29.7 27.9 -1.8 29.8 1.9 26.9 -2.9 32.4 5.5 32.5 0.1
First Pitch Swing % 37.5 30.9 -6.6 36.9 6.0 37.6 0.7 32.4 -5.2 31.8 -0.6
First Pitch Strike % 50.0 63.3 13.3 63.6 0.3 69.3 5.7 52.9 -16.4 67.0 14.1
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Statcast Fielder Positioning

vs RHHvs LHH
YearAlignment TypePAwOBAPATotal%PATotal%
2018 Shifts 16 .471 9 0 0.0 7 1 14.3
2019 Shifts 637 .295 488 145 29.7 149 96 64.4
2020 Shifts 176 .304 129 38 29.5 47 16 34.0
2021 Shifts 590 .294 465 53 11.4 125 73 58.4
2022 Shifts 34 .260 25 4 16.0 9 5 55.6
2023 Shades 88 .238 65 0 0.0 23 12 52.2
! Note: Shifts are through the 2022 season, Shaded starting from the 2023 season, Shift: three or more infielders are on the same side of second base, Shade: positioned outside of their typical responsible slices of the field.
Learn more about how positioning is defined here

Pitch Tempo

Bases EmptyRunners On Base
SeasonTeamPitchesTempoFast %Slow %PitchesTempoFast %Slow %
2018 15 15.2 40.0% 6.7% 12 19.1 0.0% 0.0%
2019 857 15.5 43.9% 0.6% 407 21.2 0.2% 5.9%
2020 257 15.8 35.8% 0.8% 71 21.7 0.0% 5.6%
2021 769 15.8 37.5% 1.3% 272 22.8 0.0% 5.9%
2022 38 15.4 42.1% 0.0% 18 21.0 0.0% 16.7%
2023 116 13.3 85.3% 0.0% 34 18.2 0.0% 0.0%
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Pitch Distribution